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中和缓蚀剂的化学原理

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中和缓蚀剂的化学原理

发布日期:2017-06-22 作者: 点击:

 中和缓蚀剂是以适当的浓度和形式存在于环境(介质)中时,可以防止或减缓材料腐蚀的化学物质或复合物,因此缓蚀剂也可以称为腐蚀抑制剂。它的用量很小(0.1%~1%),但效果显著。这种保护金属的方法称缓蚀剂保护。缓蚀剂用于中性介质(锅炉用水、循环冷却水)、酸性介质(除锅垢的盐酸,电镀前镀件除锈用的酸浸溶液)和气体介质(气相缓蚀剂)。缓蚀剂包括加氢缓蚀剂、焦化缓蚀剂、油气田缓蚀剂等。

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